Getting up with pain in throat? Experiencing pain in throat while swallowing?
Well, you might be suffering from a common health issue called sore throat.
This condition is characterized by the pain, irritation or itchiness of the throat, which usually aggravates when you try to gulp food or water.
Causes of Sore Throat
A sore throat can be caused by either a bacterial infection or by a virus. This is quite an important distinction to make from the point of view of treatment.
The infection can be present by itself or it may be part of a wider range of symptoms from a condition such as glandular fever.
Strep throat is an infection and inflammation of the throat caused by Group A Streptococci bacteria. There are many strains of these bacteria and some of them have been associated with rheumatic fever, a complication that develops if strep throat is not treated or if it is treated
Sore throat though occurs most commonly in children than in adults can be a threat to your life sometimes. It can get real bad that it might even block your air passage.
Sore throat is the inflammation of the mucous membrane in the pharynx. The inflammation may be due to either bacterial or viral infections.
There are various causative factors of this condition, which include –
1 .Viral Infection – Measles, Chickenpox, Mononucleosis and Croup
2. Bacterial Infection – Caused by streptococcus pyogenes, Diphtheria and whooping cough
3. Environmental Influences – Allergies, smoking cigarettes, yelling or strain, exposure to harmful elements and dry humid climate
4. Others – Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD), cancer and HIV infection identifying the cause of sore throat can help your physician treat the condition better. Your doctor may perform throat examination to check whether there is an inflammation.
If your general practitioner is not able to diagnose the condition, he may refer to an ENT specialist or allergist.
Symptoms of Sore Throat
Pain is the chief symptom of sore throat. Other associated sitcoms symptoms include –
– Dry throat
– Swollen glands of the neck White patches over the tonsils
This condition is known to affect almost everybody, irrespective of age and gender. However, the risk is higher in few people – such as children, elders, smokers and people with poor immunity and allergies.
Acute pain in the neck: The bacterium that causes this disease usually causes some pain in this region; due to inflammation of the lymph glands. But this characteristic does not apply to everyone.
Dry, scratchy and painful swellings: This causes severe pain particularly when one is swallowing food. These are some of the known signs of having it. Sometimes it is easy to treat a sore throat related problems, and doctor’s help may not be required. But, if things do not look good with your throat, it has to be checked with the doctor and a test has to be carried out.
Continuous dry coughs: This may be an indication of irritation of the tonsil. Someone with a sore throat involuntarily finds him coughing without any mucous. The cough is just a relief from the tonsil irritation
Loss of appetite, headache and slight fever: A sore throat makes it hard for one to eat because one’s mind focuses on the infection rather than the food. The viruses or bacteria also messes up with the taste buds thus giving food a bad taste. When one is unable to eat for some time stress would build up and with it headache and fever would follow.
Nausea and a bright red tongue: Irritation of the inner parts of the throat can cause a constant feeling of vomiting, even if one hasn’t eaten anything. A bright red tongue is an indication of the presence of bacteria or virus.
Treatment of Sore Throat
Usually, treatment depends on the causative factors. Most of the cases get better with simple home care or home remedies, which include –
– Warm water gargling
– Drinking warm fluids – herbal teas and soups
– Avoiding triggering factors – smoke, pollutants, etc.
– Using lozenges
– Cough drops
– Taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain and inflammation.
If you can handle neat lemon juice, so much the better, but a lemon tea or lemonade will work well. It may sting, but it works. You can always add a little honey to it, which will also help the throat.
Although garlic may not help your social status and can work wonders for your sore throat. Garlic helps to fight throat infections by killing the virus, bacteria or fungus that may be causing the problem. This herb will even avert future infections by increasing and strengthening the immune system.
Take dietary supplements and many doctors recommend the papaya enzymes as a natural remedy as papaya is high in Vitamin C and a powerful antioxidant. They assist in stuffy sinuses, swollen throat and if your swollen tonsil is not clearing even with antibiotics, the papaya tablet can shrink the tonsil.
If you do not have a cough, but the disease is not gone, then you should take the cough syrup to solve the issue.
Drink more Fluids
To solve the matter, one should take more fluid. Drink water and water related drinks as much as you can avoid the dehydration.
It is now a common solution provided by the doctors to take the herbal tea. Various types of tea are available in the market. The green tea, red tea and blue teas are available. Different types have teas have specific strength to solve the murders.
Honey with Tea or Milk
Honey is a natural resource, who has the capability to solve the sore throat disease.
Bacterial antibiotics should be prescribed if your sore throat is becoming worse following several days of symptoms. If you have a fever and you notice a yellow discharge at the back of your throat then you will require an antibiotic course of treatment.
In the past, tonsillectomy was the preferred option when it came to sufferers of sore throats especially in children. However, today far fewer tonsillectomies are performed given research has indicated that removing children’s tonsils has only a limited effect on curing the sore throat problem.
It is worth noting that the majority of children grow out of the tendency to contract tonsillitis following attaining the age of around eight or nine. This is because the throat elongates making the tonsil glands are far less prominent than they once were, therefore reducing infection.